The major demand of the 21st century from the education system is the provision of skills, critical thinking, and real-life experiences using Information and Communication Technologies. The effective use of ICTs is very crucial in the modern education system to develop an individual who is experienced, critical thinker, problem-solver, and innovator. So the curriculum needs to be in a way that could enhance and boost critical thinking and skills along with knowledge construction. The curriculum connected with the real-time world prepares the students for their upcoming and adult practical life. It is very important to design standards that meet the needs of the 21st century. These standards will help groom youngsters to meet and compete in the modern world. Educational modules ought to be planned in a way that permits students to ace information and get it center scholarly disciplinary information. Moreover, these educational modules ought to donate students the opportunity to memorize and create different literacies like money-related, natural, civic, health, etc. Multi-literacy has the power to enable students to create educated choices that empower them to confront challenges within the worldwide community and donate them the opportunity to be effective within the work environment.
In the modern world, the integration of future skills in curriculum and educational policies is very crucial. According to a study, future skills must be a share of 75% in educational plans. So for the 21st century, it is the responsibility of teachers and educators to cater to students with different sets of technologies and knowledge so that they could compete with today’s speeding world.
Problem-solving based approach has been proven to be very effective in the modern educational system. Students can examine and analyze diverse issues and points that are related to the genuine world. Moreover, this approach permits students to examine issues, give clarifications, produce thoughts, analyze information, and make judgments in arrange to discover the suitable arrangement. Studies showed increased participation of students in class when this approach was applied. Critical thinking skills and problem-solving approaches are quite correlated for this century. Utilizing these approaches prepares the students to deal with challenges faced in the modern world. Cooperative learning is also a very useful approach to deal with real-time issues. It means the working of students or individuals in groups to learn about or solve an issue. Students gather in groups and tackle the problem by inputting their cumulative intellect and effort. The diversity of group members makes it possible to look at a certain problem from different angles, hence a rapid solution. It also boosts up the morale of students participating in the solution of the problem.
There is a variety of technological tools which can be incorporated for all the approaches like critical thinking, collaborative thinking, and problem-solving. These technological tools include Google, Wikipedia, WebQuests, Blogs, ePortfolios, etc. These tools are very effective for deeper and better learning of students in terms of critical thinking and motivation. Different studies proved better learning and critical analysis development in students who used technological tools comparing those students who did not use any such technological tool. These tools provide students with the opportunity and facility to develop social skills to express and share their opinions and thoughts. These tools also make students enable to learn different skills without needing a teacher which gives rise to self-dependent and critical thinkers in society. Also, the students get in touch with the real-time issues of the world and help them to develop an insight into its solutions.
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